UN Predicts Falling Population, Rising Urbanization in Russia Through 2050

UN Predicts Falling Population, Rising Urbanization in Russia Through 2050

By the year 2050, 68% of the world's population will live in urban areas, the United Nations said on Wednesday.

According to the report, by 2050 two-thirds of people in the world will be living in cities and will be mainly concentrated in three countries - India, China, and Nigeria. Currently, 54 per cent of the world's urban population lives in Asia despite its relatively lower level of urbanization, followed by Europe and Africa with 13 per cent each, according to the 2018 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects produced by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA).

Globally, the United Nations report estimates the urban population will increase to two-thirds by 2050.

That will add up to an extra 416 people in towns and cities in India, 255 million in China and 189 million in Nigeria.

China will lift more than 10 million poor people living in rural areas out of poverty in 2018 and help relocate a further 2.8 million now in impoverished regions.

North America now has the most urbanized regions (with 82 per cent of its population living in urban areas in 2018), while the corresponding figure for Latin America and the Caribbean is 81 per cent, followed by Europe (74 per cent) and Oceania (68 per cent). The level of urbanization in Asia is now approximating 50 per cent.

Some cities have experienced population decline in recent years. In addition to low fertility, emigration has contributed to the lower population size in some of these cities.

The report also projected that the world's population itself will peak in a few years and decline by 2050. Shanghai (26 million) and Mexico City and Sao Paulo, with populations of around 22 million each, follow close behind. Also, urbanisation will play a huge role as there will be a gradual shift in the residence of the human population from rural to urban areas in Asia and Africa.

Meanwhile, NAIJ.com reported that the National Population Commission (NPC) had put Nigeria's current population at 198 million people with urban population growing at an average annual growth rate of about 6.5%. Currently, the world is home to 31 megacities - the largest of which is Tokyo with an agglomeration of 37 million inhabitants - but the report estimates that by 2030, the world could have 43, the majority of which will be in developing countries.

Cairo, Mumbai, Beijing and Dhaka are all closing in on the 20-million inhabitant mark.

Based on the report, Tokyo's population is predicted to begin declining by 2020, while the Indian capital of New Delhi will become the most populous city on the planet by 2028.

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